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George Caldwell
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Canadian Welfare Council
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In a report prepared for the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, George Caldwell found that 80% of residential school students were placed in the schools for reasons related to the "welfare need" of the family. There was no evidence of preventative or rehabilitative services operating to support the family. The report recommended that services be established to strengthen and maintain family life, and to support children in their own homes or within the care of their community.

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